IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL
FOUNDATION OF THE STATE OF ISLAM- BROTHERHOOD AMONG MUSLIMS
Praise be to Allah, who made believing men and women allies, joined their hearts, and made them brothers. Allah says in his wise revelation thus: “The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.. ” ( 49: 10) . We praise and thank Him, we believe and depend on him. We seek his refuge from the evil of ourselves and our deeds. Whomever Allah guides is truly guided and whomever He misleads none can guide. I testify there is no god but Allah alone and that our leader- Muhammad (pbuh) is his servant and messenger who came to plant the tree of brotherliness among Muslims, and joined as brothers between the Muhajirun and the Ansar. O Allah shower peace and blessings on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day when- “Close friends, that Day, will be enemies to each other, except for the righteous” (43: 67)
“ الْأَخِلَّاءُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقِينَ” (الزّخرف: 67 ).
Having said that,
Worshipers of Allah, I enjoin you and myself to fear Allah, the Almighty- this is a basic foundation for faith in the hearts of believers. Allah says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ (آل عمران: 102).
“ O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]. ” ( 3: 102 ) .
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا ” (النَّساء: 1)
“ O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer (4:1).
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا ” (الأحزاب: 70- 71)
O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.(33: 70- 71)
Dear Muslims, being the third sermon in the month of sofar, we shall today talk on BROTHERHOOD AMONG MUSLIMS, as the second pillar in the establishment of the state of Islam established by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Madinah.
Joining tie of brotherhood among Muslims
After the establishment of Mosque in Madinah, the next major task embarked upon by the Prophet was to join the tie of brotherhood between the migrants and the helpers. Ibn Qayyim said: “The Prophet (pbuh) then joined between the migrants and helpers in the house of Anas bin Malik. They were ninety men; half were of the migrants while the other was from the helpers. The association was formed on the basis of kindness, ability to mutually inherit one another without consideration for family bond, this went on till after battle of Badr when Allah revealed the verse: (وَأُوْلُواْ الأَرْحَامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلَى بِبَعْضٍ) “But those of [blood] relationship are more entitled [to inheritance] in the decree of Allah.” (8:75) which reinstates right of inheritance to blood relations other than the association of brotherhood.
This brotherhood means displacement of all forms of tribalism and partisanship of the days of ignorance, lowering the stake of kinship, colour, and state for Islam as the basis of association and dissociation. This association produced positive impacts in the new state.
Bukhari narrated that: Abdur Rahman bin Auf said, “When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah’s Apostle established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sad bin Ar-Rabi’. Sad bin Ar-Rabi’ said (to me), ‘I am the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.’ Abdur-Rahman replied, “I am not in need of all that. Is there any market-place where trade is practiced?’ He replied, “The market of Qainuqa.” Abdur-Rahman went to that market the following day and brought some dried butter-milk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, ‘AbdurRahman came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah’s Apostle asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, ‘Whom have you married?’ He replied, ‘A woman from the Ansar.’ Then the Prophet asked, ‘How much did you pay her?’ He replied, ‘(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet said, ‘Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .’ ”
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Ansar said to the Prophet “Distribute the date palm trees between us and our emigrant brothers.” He replied, “No.” The Ansar said (to the emigrants), “Look after the trees (water and watch them) and share the fruits with us.” The emigrants said, “We listen and obey.” (Bukhari)
These hadiths elucidate high level of hospitality accorded the emigrants by the helpers, in addition to sacrifice, preference, love, and purity of mind. And the recognition cum appreciation of those gestures by the emigrants. This brotherhood philosophy was a unique wisdom, a political dexterity, and a reasonable solution to most of the problems facing Muslims.
The relation among Muslims:
The Prophet (pbuh) enjoined his companions on love which is the spirit of Islam. Surprisingly today you find flagrant type of Islam; masjids, knowledge centres, Islamic institutes, huge Islamic libraries, lots of conferences, but you cannot find love among Muslims. Allah says: (وَلَا تَنَازَعُوا فَتَفْشَلُوا وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ) “and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart;” (8: 46) . Therefore, to overcome our challenges we must exchange love, rooted in obedience to Allah: (فَنَسُوا حَظّاً مِمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَأَغْرَيْنَا بَيْنَهُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ) “but they forgot a portion of that of which they were reminded. So We caused among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection.” (5:14)
The rule here is that base on your level of obedience to Allah determines level of love for your brother. Love and hate is founded on obedience and disobedience. Two person would not coe together except that the one closer to Allah of the two will love his brother more. Where you find a person living in an environment filled with love, cooperation, collaboration, mutual advice, sacrifice, preference for others, etc, that is a reality of life in paradise. No matter the level life challenges and trials it remains inestimably meager in the presence of the love.
The Muslim community should believe in the principle of “all for one” and “one for all”. In practical terms, the gift Allah gave a person is owned by all and vice versa, such is the society envisioned by Allah. In the same tone, the Prophet said: “Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Don’t sever relations of kinship, don’t bear enmity against one another, don’t bear aversion against one another and don’t feel envy against the other and become as fellow. brothers and servants of Allah. It is not lawful for a Muslim that he should keep his relations estranged with his brother beyond three days.
From this point, affiliation to any group or association should be on the account of affiliation not that which brew enmity, hatred, …
The most dangerous thing about affiliation is when a group believes it is on the truth and others are on misguidance. This kind of disposition only makes Islam the victim of dissension and disintegration, at the advantage for its enemies. Therefore, Don’t sever relations of kinship, don’t bear enmity against one another, don’t bear aversion against one another and don’t feel envy against the other and become as fellow. brothers and servants of Allah. It is not lawful for a Muslim that he should keep his relations estranged with his brother beyond three days.
It is pertinent to know that building structure is herculean but to destroy is easier. The believer should desire a good relation with his Muslim brother through humility, generosity, exchange, sacrifice, visits, building bridges, exchange of gifts etc. He should share love with his brother at any price for love breeds strength. Allah says: (وَلَا تَنَازَعُوا فَتَفْشَلُوا وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ) “and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart;” (8: 46) .
The enemies of Islam have their evil wish among Muslim, this is the preoccupation of Shaytan which commands severing ties, weakens affiliation etc. “Abu Ayyub Ansiri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is not permissible for a Muslim to have estranged relations with his brother beyond three nights, the one turning one way and the other turning the other way when they meet ; the better of the two is one who is the first to give a greeting. (Bukhari/ Muslim)
You could find within families years of separation on flimsy reasons. The supreme principle we have in Islam is that “We don’t called people of the qiblah kafir.” So long we face the same direction in prayer, there should be no reason to proclaim hatred.
In some instances some persons proclaim kufr (disbelief) on some people who have not done any act of disbelief, who have not neglected solat, who did not consume haram food, nor gaze at prohibited sights. This attitude is an attitude of strong level of backwardness, a repugnant disposition indeed!
The Prophet said: “When a man says to his brother: “O you Kafir”, then it returns to one of both” (Bukhari)
What we derive from these evidences is that a believer should display good relation with his brother, starting from cheerfulness in speech, visit, present gifts, support, commitment to service, all aim towards building good relation. But to destroy all these is easier and faster.
He who makes a comment only to profit himself in gaining this world and cause destruction for his fellow Muslim have only opened himself to greater destruction.
Allah says: (وَكَيْفَ تَكْفُرُونَ وَأَنْتُمْ تُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ آَيَاتُ اللَّهِ وَفِيكُمْ رَسُولُهُ) “And how could you disbelieve while to you are being recited the verses of Allah and among you is His Messenger?” (3: 101)
This verse was revealed after the event caused by an avowed enemy of Islam- Shaas bn Qais, a Jew, who disliked the newly found peace in Madinah among between the hitherto warring tribes that embraced Islam. He sent a young lad to revive the forgotten hatred by singing songs of the days of war. This led to each group calling for weapon and war, it was the verge of bloodshed that the Prophet got the wind of the move to halt the bloodshed saying: “Could you do this while I am alive among you?”
Strive to live in peace with others, strive to cooperate on agreed issues, and advice on matters of difference, try to understand other view of opinion, have good thought about other, try to initiate closeness, strive to create a cemented structure for Muslims where one supports the other.
Dear brothers and sisters if Muslims could jettison their differences, which a weakness and agree to stop importation from foreign lands they would prostrated in begging before us. Instead of cooperation,
All praises are due to Allah who says: (ومَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ) “Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.” (16: 97) May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad, his household, companions and believers till the end of time.
The United Nations Organization commemorates the INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, which is an annual event. For us in Islam, there is no act of violence against women rather Islam stipulates rights and duties to both male and female.
Islam recognizes the natural differences between male and female.
The alleged ban on hijab among the NYSC Muslim sisters is viewed as an act against her right.
- The ongoing debate in the house of representatives over birth control due to population over flow, a move rejected by senators from the northern states.
- The death of APC Candidate in the Kogi State gubernatorial election last Saturday- Prince Abubakar Audu.
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”